Neural Networks to Predict Earthquakes

PROYECTO N° 2212  VERSIÓN BETA
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UNO . Neural networks to predict earthquakes in Chile  A new earthquake prediction system is presented in this work. This method, based on the application of artificial neural networks, has been used to predict earthquakes in Chile, one of the countries with larger seismic activity. The input values are related to the bvalue, the Bath's law, and the OmoriUtsu's law, parameters that are strongly correlated with seismicity, as shown in solid previous works. Two kind of prediction are provided in this study: The probability that an earthquake of magnitude larger than a threshold value happens, and the probability that an earthquake of a limited magnitude interval might occur, both during the next 5 days in the areas analyzed. For the four Chile's seismic regions examined, with epicentres placed on meshes with dimensions varying from 0.5°×0.5° to 1°×1°, a prototype of neuronal network is presented. The prototypes predict an earthquake every time the probability of an earthquake of magnitude larger than a threshold is sufficiently high. The threshold values have been adjusted with the aim of obtaining as few false positives as possible. The accuracy of the method has been assessed in retrospective experiments by means of statistical tests and compared with wellknown machine learning classifiers. The high success rate achieved supports the suitability of applying soft computing in this field and poses new challenges to be addressed. . DOS . TRES